Sociology: Profession and VocationInterview with Prof. Anatolij Dmitriev
History of Sociology and Social Anthropology
Vladimir Gutorov. Max Weber and Socialistic Tradition
Max Weber. Socialism
Critic of the Social Sciences
Nikolai Koposov. What is Critic of the Social Sciences?
Theoretical Problems of Sociology and Social Anthropology
Victoria Dudina. Sociological Method: from the classic Standpoint to the postclassic
The main idea of this article is to reveal the logic of development of sociological method, in spite of "multiparadigmality" of sociology. The author doesn't treat sociological method as a set of particular devices and tools of research. Sociological method is treated as the specific approach to the study of social reality. In oder to analyse sociological method development, three ideal types of methodology are distinguished: classical, non-classical and post-non-classical ones. The distinguishing feature of classical methodology is absolutisation of the scientist's position and belief that there is the only true scientific method. Non-classical methodology reveals that the object under study is being constructed to a considerable extent by scientific methods and tools. Post-non-classical methodology clarifys the social determination of scientific knowledge and calls the position of science in question, therefore the main task of sociology is treated as clarification of its own position in social space.
Rudolf Stichweh. On the Genesis of World Society: Innovations and Mechanisms
The essay, first of all, tries to give a very brief historical and explanatory answer to the question: When begins the history of world society? World systems theory (Wallerstein) and systems theory (Luhmann) converge in locating the beginnings of world society in differentiation processes germane to 15th/16th-century Europe. The theory of world society is then the theory of the societal system emerging from this conjuncture. The essay, furthermore, adds two argumentative steps.
Firstly, it sketches three structural innovations which are of especial relevance for the genesis of world society: 1. Functional differentiation; 2. Organizations (especially: multinational enterprises and non-governmental organizations); 3. Communication technologies. There is something to be said for this list of structural innovations being an open one to which other innovations (networks, markets) may have to be added. Secondly, this argument on structural innovations is supplemented by three mechanisms or processual mechanisms: 1. Global diffusion of institutional patterns; 2. Global interrelatedness; 3. Decentralization in function systems. What is easily to be seen in developing this explanatory apparatus is that there are no convincing arguments for looking at world society as a system characterized by homogenized patterns of social structure and culture.
Vadim Volkov. Values and Norms of Illegal Enforcement Agencies
The article looks at the relationship between the use of organized force and the emergence of the market economy in Russia. In particular, it focuses on the values and norms (patterns of normative culture) that structure the day-to-day business activity of criminal groups and enable their reproduction, as well as at the institutional outcomes of this activity.
Elena Kolzova. Production of tidings: the secret Mechanism of the Control
Igor Golosenko. Phenomenon of the "Russian graft": essay of the History of Sociology of the Officialdom
In the article are esteemed a social and cultural feature of malfeasance graft "bribe" in Russia of XIX-beginning XX. Our sociologists studied some factors instigating and replicating this phenomenon: 1) material neediness of a large part of the ordinary officials; 2) the huge terrain of empire have been resulted in simplification of the social control above the officials far from administrative centres; 3) moral disharmony to the positions; 4) graft bribe as the mandate for political loyalty; 5) bribe as the means and instruments of social, first of all of economical innovations. It is underlined, that the aged interpretations have not lost epistemological value till now.
ResearchesNatalia Kozlova. Scene of the privat life from the Stage of "Deadlock": family correspondence
The article is dedicated to description and interpretation of letters written by members of one Russian family in 1970 - 80s. The letters are considered to be a presentation of quotidian situations, needs, thinking, and practices, which are both the people reflections and constructions of social reality.
Larisa Osipova. Two canal management on the social Process
Curricula and Teaching Sociological Education
Sergei Grigorjev. About formation of the Complex "Sociology, Psychology and Social Work" in the Altai Universuty on the 1980-1990
News / Information
Victoria Dudina, Elena Ostrovskaja. Sociology in St. Petersburg and St. Petersburg State University
Presented are key ideas discussed by the participants of the Scientific Conference, which took place 25-28.06.1998 at the Faculty of Sociology of St. Petersburg State University. Debates were focused on four main subjects: